Age of Empires Series Wiki

Cavalry armed with a revolver that attacks with a lance in melee. Can gather from livestock and build Livestock Pens.
—In-game description

The Cuerudo (previously Vaquero) is a revolutionary outlaw in Age of Empires III: Definitive Edition that is unique to Mexico.


As with Revolutionaries, revolting into Mexico will turn all Settlers into Cuerudos, and they can be trained in place of Settlers at Town Centers.

Cuerudos are similar to Comancheros, but with the following differences:

Cuerudos can be upgraded to Charros with the namesake Home City Card, which gives their melee attack a 3.0× multiplayer against infantry and a range of 2.

Further statistics[]

As Cuerudos are unique to Mexico, only technologies that their base European civilizations have access to are shown in the following table:

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Heavy cavalry, artillery
Weak vs. Heavy infantry, ranged infantry, light cavalry
Hit points Folk Heroes.png Folk Heroes (+20%)
Comanche Horse Breeding.png Comanche Horse Breeding (+10%)
Cree Tanning.png Cree Tanning (+5%)
Navajo Weaving.png Navajo Weaving (+5%)
Attack Folk Heroes.png Folk Heroes (+20%)
Ranged Cavalry Caracole.png Ranged Cavalry Caracole (+10%)
Smokeless Powder.png Smokeless Powder (+30% siege attack)
Range Ranged Cavalry Caracole.png Ranged Cavalry Caracole (+2)
Sight Town Watch.png Town Watch (+2)
Ranged Cavalry Caracole.png Ranged Cavalry Caracole (+2)
Speed Comanche Mustangs.png Comanche Mustangs (+10%)
Apache Endurance.png Apache Endurance (+5%)
Creation speed Mass Cavalry.png Mass Cavalry (-35%)
Folk Heroes.png Folk Heroes (-50%)
Cheyenne Horse Trading.png Cheyenne Horse Trading (-25%)
Inca Chaquis Messengers.png Quechuan Diet (-25%)

Home City Cards[]

As Cuerudos are unique to Mexico, only their base European civilizations' cards and other civilizations' TEAM cards are shown in the following tables (for the base civilization, non-TEAM cards will only be applied if they are sent before revolting):


Definitive Edition[]

  • With update 23511, the Vaquero is tagged as outlaw.
  • Originally, the unit was named Vaquero. With the release of the Mexicans DLC, the unit was renamed to Cuerudo.

In-game dialogue[]

The Cuerudo speaks Spanish using the Spanish Hussar's dialogue files.


  • As with the Comanchero and Outlaw Rider, Cuerudos appear to use a muzzle-loading pistol, as seen from the movement of their hand at the muzzle of the gun in each shot (despite the weapon in their portrait and in-game model resembling a revolver rather than a muzzle-loading pistol).
  • Cuerudos wear a sombrero hat which allows them to be differentiated from Comancheros and its other revolutionary variants.
    • As with other revolutionary variants, all Comancheros' hats will be changed into Cuerudos' sombrero when the player revolts into Mexico, but their stats remain unchanged.


Vaqueros are Mexican horsemen who tended to livestock who originates in the Iberian Peninsula. They serve as the inspiration for cowboys in North America.

On the other hand, charros are horsemen from Central Mexico which acts as the counterpart of vaqueros but with distinct differences including clothing, mannerism, and social status. During the Mexican War of Independence, many charros serve for both the Mexican revolutionaries and the Spanish Crown.