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This article is about the civilizations in Age of Empires III. For the civilizations in the other games of the series, see Civilization.

The playable civilizations of Age of Empires III number twenty-two in total. In the single-player campaign and on most maps, they are complemented by native minor civilizations that can be accessed using Trading Posts.

Much like the previous games, these civilizations have unique strengths and weaknesses, as well as unique units, buildings, and technologies.

In Age of Empires III, each civilization's technology tree greatly differs by the region. They are currently divided into 5 parts (Africans, Asians, Europeans, Native Americans, and Federal Americans). Certain civilizations can also perform revolutions, turning into one of several distinct new civilizations. These new civilizations are considered revolutionary nations, and not counted among the base civilizations.

Listed below are all civilizations and their specialities in Age of Empires III and its expansions.

3Icon48px Age of Empires III[]

Flag BritishDE British[]

Flag DutchDE Dutch[]

Flag FrenchDE French[]

Flag GermanDE Germans[]

Flag OttomanDE Ottomans[]

Flag PortugueseDE Portuguese[]

Flag RussianDE Russians[]

Flag SpanishDE Spanish[]

3WCIcon48px The WarChiefs[]

All military units of The WarChiefs civilizations are unique, with the exceptions of Canoes and War Canoes.

Flag AztecDE Aztecs[]

  • War Chief bonus: Doubles experience gained in combat by nearby units.
  • Civilization bonus: Begins with a Warrior Priest, that can heal units and count as two villagers at the Community Plaza.
  • Home City: Tenochtitlan

Flag IroquoisDE Haudenosaunee[]

  • War Chief bonus: Boosts hit points of nearby units.
  • Civilization bonus: Begins with a Travois, that can construct buildings for free. Trees last 75% longer.
  • War Council: Caughnawaga

Flag SiouxDE Lakota[]

  • War Chief bonus: Boosts speed of nearby units.
  • Civilization bonus: Begins with 200 population and huntable animals last 10% longer, but cannot build walls until the Industrial Age. Have unique Teepees, which provides a small hitpoints bonus to nearby friendly units.
  • War Council: Great Council (Hunkpapa before the Definitive Edition)

3ADIcon48px The Asian Dynasties[]

All military units of The Asian Dynasties civilizations are unique, with the exceptions of Monitors and all Indian ships. Each Asian civilization builds Consulates to acquire alliance army shipments and bonuses, in addition to Wonders for advancing in Age.

Flag ChineseDE Chinese[]

  • Civilization bonus: Begins with a goat. Have Villages instead of Houses which supports twice the population than the latter. Trains infantry and cavalry in groups called banner armies.
  • Home City: Beijing

Flag IndianDE Indians[]

  • Civilization bonus: Villagers cost wood instead of food and cannot kill livestock for food, but can build unique buildings called Sacred Field which livestock can be stationed to generate XP. Can receive free Villagers with every Home City shipments. Start with the first two wood upgrades researched already.
  • Home City: Delhi

Flag JapaneseDE Japanese[]

  • Civilization bonus: Have Shrines, which replace normal Houses and generate resources. Villagers cannot hunt animals for food, but can build Shrines next to wild animals to increase the resource trickle rate. Most Home City cards can be sent twice.
  • Home City: Edo

Age3DE Icon Definitive Edition[]

Flag IncanDE Inca[]

  • War Chief bonus: Boosts the attack and hit points of nearby native warriors.
  • Civilization bonus: Kancha Houses produce food. Receives a free Chasqui each age who can construct Tambos; powerful Trading Posts which villagers can garrison in. Military units can garrison in Kallankas and Strongholds. Priestesses can convert enemies and work at the Community Plaza.
  • Home City: Cuzco

Flag SwedishDE Swedes[]

Flag American act3 aoe3de United States[]

Flag MexicanDE Mexicans[]

Age3DE Icon The African Royals[]

Flag Ethiopian aoe3de Ethiopians[]

Flag Hausa Hausa[]

Age3DE Icon Knights of the Mediterranean[]

Flag ItalianDE Italians[]

Flag MalteseDE Maltese[]


Multiple civilizations trick[]

Before the Definitive Edition, with single civilization limitations for AI personalities, it is possible to assign the same civilization to several AIs in single-player skirmish using the following trick:

  • First choose the number of players and pick the civilization of the last AI;
  • Then decrease by one the number of players and pick the civilization of the last slot again;
  • Repeat until there are two players;
  • Then put the number of players back to what it was originally; the slots will all contain the civilization that was chosen.

Home City map[]

Civilization flags are placed at their real world Home City locations.

Civilizations in Age of Empires III
AfricanFlag Ethiopian aoe3de Ethiopians · Flag Hausa Hausa
AmericanFederal American: Flag MexicanDE Mexicans · Flag American act3 aoe3de United States
Native American: Flag AztecDE Aztecs · Flag IroquoisDE Haudenosaunee (formerly Iroquois) · Flag IncanDE Inca · Flag SiouxDE Lakota (formerly Sioux)
AsianFlag ChineseDE Chinese · Flag IndianDE Indians · Flag JapaneseDE Japanese
EuropeanFlag BritishDE British · Flag DutchDE Dutch · Flag FrenchDE French · Flag GermanDE Germans · Flag ItalianDE Italians · Flag MalteseDE Maltese · Flag OttomanDE Ottomans · Flag PortugueseDE Portuguese · Flag RussianDE Russians · Flag SpanishDE Spanish · Flag SwedishDE Swedes · Polish · Danes
AfricanAkan Settlement Icon Akan · Berber Settlement Portrait Berbers · Somali Settlement Portrait Somalis · Sudanese settlement portrait Sudanese · Yoruba settlement portait Yoruba
AsianBhakti aoe3de Bhakti Temple · Jesuit aoe3de Jesuit Mission · Native shaolin site icon portrait Shaolin Temple · Sufi aoe3de Sufi Mosque · AOE3DE Tengri Tengri Shrine · Udasi aoe3de Udasi Temple · Zen aoe3de Zen Temple
EuropeanBourbon icon portrait-1 House of Bourbon · Habsburg icon portrait-1 House of Habsburg · Hanover icon portrait-1 House of Hanover · Jagiellon icon portrait-1 House of Jagiellon · Oldenburg icon portrait-1 House of Oldenburg · Phanar icon portrait-1 House of Phanar · Vasa icon portrait-1 House of Vasa · Wettin icon portrait-1 House of Wettin · Wittelsbach icon portrait-1 House of Wittelsbach
Native AmericanApache aoe3de Apache · Aztec native icon aoe3de Aztecs · Carib aoe3de Carib · Cherokee aoe3de Cherokee · Cheyenne aoe3de pre update Cheyenne · Comanche icon aoe3de Comanche · Cree aoe3de Cree · Iroquois aoe3de Haudenosaunee · Huron aoe3de Huron · Klamath settlement portrait Klamath · Sioux aoe3de Lakota · Lenape warrior portrait Lenape · Mapuche icon aoe3de Mapuche · Maya aoe3de Maya · Navajo aoe3de Navajo · Nootka aoe3de Nootka · Inca native icon aoe3de Quechua (formerly Incas) · Seminole aoe3de Seminole · Tupi aoe3de Tupi · Zapotec icon aoe3de Zapotec
CampaignUnited States flag revolt DE Black Family Estate · EIC Flag AoE3DE British · Circle of ossus Circle of Ossus · Flag John Black's Mercenaries DE John Black's Mercenaries · Flag Maltese Cross Knights of St. John · Flag American act3 aoe3de United States
Historical BattlesBarbary States flag revolt Barbary Pirates · Flag CanadianDE Canadians · Flag Ethiopian aoe3de Ethiopians · Flag Moroccan Moroccans · Flag Somali aoe3de Somalians · Flag Tatars aoe3de Tatars · Flag American act3 aoe3de United States