Soldier armed with a very large sword. Good against cavalry.
In-game description

The Changdao Swordsman is a melee heavy infantry in Age of Empires III: The Asian Dynasties that is unique to the Chinese and are trained as part of the Territorial Army.

Overview Edit

The Changdao Swordsman are an infantry unit similar to the Halbedier with a moderately high melee attack, a decent modifier against cavalry and a reasonable siege attack. The Changdao is an excellent counter to melee cavalry and Pikeman, as well as being fairly competent against buildings. It will quickly fall in battle against ranged infantry and artillery, whereas the heavier and sturdier Halberdier is able to take a few more hits. Despite their damage multiplier, the Changao are not an effective counter against most light cavalry, due to lacking speed, hit points, and range. Changdao is also Chinese all rounded infantry that serve much better against cavalry.

In comparison to the Halbedier, the Changdao has lower hit points, lower base attack and a lower siege attack. In turn, the Changdao is cheaper and slightly faster. In this sense it is somewhat in-between the bulky Halbedier and the more lightweight Pikeman. However, the Changdao does have a significantly higher attack than the Pikeman. Nevertheless, due to its low combat stats the Changdao is not classified as Heavy Infantry.

Upgrades Edit

The Changdao Swordsman is automatically upgraded to Disciplined (+20% hit points and attack) at the Fortress Age.

Age Upgrade Cost Effect
Ages industrial
Honored changdao swordsman Honored Changdao 300 wood,
300 coin
Upgrades Changdao Swordsmen to Honored (+30% hit points and attack)
Ages imperial
Exalted changdao swordsman Exalted Changdao 750 wood,
750 coin
Upgrades Changdao Swordsmen to Exalted (+50% hit points and attack); requires Honored Changdao

Further statistics Edit

As the Changdao Swordsman can only be trained by the Chinese, only improvements available to them (including native improvements) are listed here.

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Cavalry, light infantry, buildings
Weak vs. Archers, artillery
Hit points Cree Tanning Cree Tanning (+5%)
Maya Cotton Armor Maya Cotton Armor (+20%)
Navajo Weaving Navajo Weaving (+5%)
Attack Carib Kasiri Beer Carib Kasiri Beer (+10%)
Mapuche Tactics Mapuche Tactics (+50% siege attack)
Zapotec Cult of the Dead Zapotec Cult of the Dead (+20%)
Yoga Yoga (+5%)
Master Lessons Master Lessons (+10%)
Speed Inca Road-building Incan Road-building (+20%)
Apache Endurance Apache Endurance (+5%)
Train cost Mapuche Ad-mapu Mapuche Ad-mapu (-10% coin cost, armies)
Other Merritocracy Meritocracy (-20% upgrade cost)

Home City Cards Edit

As the Changdao Swordsman is exclusive to the Chinese, only other civilizations' TEAM cards that affects them are listed here.

Trivia Edit

  • "Chang Dao" or 長刀 is literally translated as "long sword" in Chinese.
  • The Changdao Swordsman's attack bonus (x2.3) against cavalry is a reference to the Ancient Chinese Zhanmadao (As the history file references).
    • The Zanbato is classified as a variant of the Zhanmadao (along with the Changdao) and is most likely the ancestor of the Katana.

History Edit

The Chinese long sword known as changdao was actually a modification of a Japanese design carried by wokou pirates of the sixteenth century. The famed Chinese pirate fighter, General Qi Jiguang, is said to have taken the existing Japanese odachi sword, lengthened it, and straightened its curve. The resulting blade was extremely long, over three feet, and ideal for repelling cavalry. Therefore, it replaced the traditional Chinese horse fighting blade, the zhanmadao. During his campaign to secure the Mongol border in 1560, Qi Jiguang’s Chinese forces used the new weapon to great effect. A proven success, the changdao was utilized throughout the remaining years of the Ming Dynasty.

Gallery Edit

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