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This article is about the unit in Age of Empires III. For the unit in Age of Empires II HD: The Forgotten, see Canoe (Age of Empires II).

Native boat that can attack or transport units.
—In-game description

The Canoe is a basic water unit available from the Dock after building a Trading Post on a Native American settlement in Age of Empires III. It is also available for the Native American civilizations (Aztecs, Haudenosaunee, and Lakota) in The WarChiefs.


Canoes can attack, fish (though they are less efficient than Fishing Boats), and transport units, making them very practical, but not necessarily as powerful as other naval ships. They have the same damage output and hit points as a Marathan Catamaran.

Because of its relatively low cost, Canoes are excellent in scouting and providing reconnaissance on nearby enemy territory. However, they are not designed to withstand many enemy attacks and engage in front lines so they should not be sent directly to a fortified enemy base, however if necessary, they would be better off fighting larger ships such as Galleons and Caravels in large numbers, their low cost rendering it an easy task.


Water Ceremony and War Ceremony both boost ranged warships. The former requires a card, the latter does not. Ranged attack can be boosted as high as 36, siege damage 91 and HP 588 with the former ceremony and all upgrades. 32 ranged attack, 58 siege and 275 hp with only the latter ceremony and upgrades; depending on whether the player wishes to send a card or not.

Further statistics[]

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Ships, buildings close to shore
Weak vs. Artillery especially Culverins, defensive structures
Hit points Armor Plating.png Armor Plating (+50%)
Rawhide Covers.png Rawhide Covers (+20%, Haudenosaunee only)
Attack Carronade.png Carronade (+25%)
Flaming Arrows.png Flaming Arrows (+25%, Lakota only)
Gathering speed Gill Nets.png Gill Nets (+15%)
Long Lines.png Long Lines (+30%)
Excessive Taxation.png Excessive Taxation (+50% from whales, Europeans only)
Excessive Tribute.png Excessive Tribute (+50% from whales, Native Americans only)
Collective Economy.png Collective Economy (+50% from whales, Asians only)
Huron Fish Wedding.png Huron Fish Wedding (+20%)
Navajo Craftsmanship.png Navajo Craftsmanship (+20% from whales)
Sight Town Watch.png Town Watch (+2, European civilizations only)
Penalties Coffee Trade.png Coffee Trade (-10% speed, Dutch only)
High Crusade.png High Crusade (-5% hit points, Knights of St. John only)

Home City Cards[]


Age of Empires III[]

  • Canoes have 24 LOS and 20 range.

Definitive Edition[]

  • Canoes have 22 LOS and 18 range.

In-game dialogue[]

The Canoe trained in European, Haudenosaunee, Incan and Asian Docks uses the same dialogue lines as the Haudenosaunee Tomahawk, while the Canoe trained on Aztec and Lakota Docks uses the same dialogue lines as the respective civilizations (Aztec and Lakota dialogue lines).



The word canoe comes from Arawak, a language spoken by the natives of the Caribbean. It refers to boats generically, but has come to mean a specific kind of vessel. The birch-bark canoe, common to the Native Americans in northeastern North America, is what most people would identify as a canoe. Small birch-bark canoes could accommodate as few as one or two people; the largest canoes could hold more than three dozen. Canoes allowed Native Americans, and later Europeans, to navigate the many rivers and creeks of North America. The craft were light enough to be carried and durable enough to last years if properly maintained.

Canoe builders peeled the outer bark off of a birch tree, making a long cut down the length of the trunk to reveal the inner bark, then peeled that from the tree in layers. The inner bark of a tree left standing would grow a new coating of outer bark, allowing the tree survive the canoe-making process. White cedar, because of its resistance to decay, was used for the canoe frame. Cuts, called gores, allowed the birch bark sheathing to be sewn together and fitted to the frame. Ribs shaped from boiled cedar gave the canoe strength and tension. Pitch made from pine tar or gum sealed the seams, and the birch-bark canoe was ready to paddle.