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This article is about the unit in Age of Empires II: Definitive Edition. For the unit in Age of Empires IV, see Camel Archer (Age of Empires IV).

Berber unique mounted archer.
Age of Empires II description

The Camel Archer is the first unique unit of the Berbers in Age of Empires II HD: The African Kingdoms. It is a mounted archer with an attack bonus against mounted archers.

Camel Archers can be upgraded to Elite Camel Archers in the Imperial Age.


The Camel Archer fits nicely in the cavalry based army of the Berbers. Due to their high attack and speed, they can support the cavalry against all kinds of ranged units and are also a good choice if enemy Halberdiers overwhelm the army, since they can perform hit-and-run tactics against them. As far as utility is concerned, they are a versatile unit, as apart from being a hard counter against other mounted archers, they can also serve as a solid anti-infantry unit, and even directly engage against most foot archers on account of having 1 base pierce armor.

Camel Archers are quite tough for a cavalry archer, boasting good hit points, regeneration (with Maghrebi Camels), and more endurance against common vulnerabilities of cavalry, because they do not take damage from anti-cavalry attacks but from anti-camel attacks, which is lower (except from defensive structures). E.g., Camel Riders deal much less bonus damage (5 instead of 9) and Mamelukes deal no bonus damage at all, making them struggle against massed Camel Archers. On the other hand archer counters and cavalry archer counters, such as Genitours, and Elite Skirmishers, still remain highly cost-effective against them. The attack bonus which most defensive structures have against camels is 1, which is also the pierce armor advantage of Camel Archers over Cavalry Archers. Hence they have equal or better survivability than Cavalry Archers.

It should also be noted that thanks to Kasbah, Camel Archers train in only 20 seconds, much faster than a generic Heavy Cavalry Archer (27 seconds). They are a better alternative to Cavalry Archers in almost any way, save for wood cost, attack vs Spearmen and difficulty of having enough Castles.

Since the Berbers lack Parthian Tactics, it makes their mounted archers slightly less resilient against most attacks, while also causing less damage against Spearmen than fully upgraded Heavy Cavalry Archers. However, they generally fare better against units with high anti-cavalry attack bonuses, like the Heavy Camel Rider, thanks to being in the camel armor class and having slightly higher hit points. They also have a lower attack delay, making them more effective in hit-and-run tactics.

Like all mounted archers, Camel Archers work well if they are paired with Light Cavalry (which only cost food, so the wood and gold can be spent on Camel Archers, and Light Cavalry can be used as "cannon fodder" for the front lines).

If gold is scarce or the enemy heavily relies on foot archers, the Camel Archer should be replaced by the Genitour.


Camel Archers can be countered with Elite Skirmishers and, when massed, with Mangonels and Scorpions. Cavalry units like the Camel Rider, Light Cavalry, and Shrivamsha Rider can also work decently well against Camel Archers.

Genitours receive bonus damage from Camel Archers and lose in one-on-one combat, but are still cost effective when used against them. In fact, they are a good choice, because they can retreat if melee cavalry arrives to support the Camel Archers (as opposed to Skirmishers).

Eagle Warriors are also a decent choice against Camel Archers, as they have good pierce armor and more speed than Huskarls and Halberdiers, coupled with a reliable attack and an attack bonus against camels.

Comparison in the Castle Age[]

MangudaiIcon-DE Mangudai Cavalryarcher aoe2DE Cavalry Archer CamelArcherIcon-DE Camel Archer Kipchakicon Kipchak
Training Cost 55 wood, 65 gold 40 wood, 60 gold 50 wood, 60 gold 60 wood, 35 gold
Training Time 26 seconds 34 seconds 25 seconds 20 seconds
Hit Points 60 50 55 40
Pierce Attack 6 6 7 4 + 2
Attack Bonus +1 vs Spearman
+3 vs Siege weapons
+2 vs Spearman +4 vs Mounted Archers +1 vs Spearman
Range 4 4 4 4
Rate of Fire 1.68
TR - 1.428
TR - 1.8
TR - 1.7
TR - 1.87
Attack Delay 0.5 0.9 0.63 0.5
Armor 0/0 0/0 0/1 0/0
Movement Speed 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Line of Sight 6 5 5 6
Upgrade Cost
and Time
1,100 food, 675 gold
50 seconds
900 food, 500 gold
50 seconds
1,000 wood, 500 gold
45 seconds
1,100 food, 1,000 wood
65 seconds
Other Fire 25% faster Can be trained and upgraded 25% faster
Has Camel armor class instead of Cavalry armor class
Additional projectiles have 0 melee attack and 3 pierce attack which helps against Rams and Monks

Comparison in the Imperial Age[]

MangudaiIcon-DE Elite Mangudai Heavycavalryarcher aoe2de Heavy Cavalry Archer CamelArcherIcon-DE Elite Camel Archer Kipchakicon Elite Kipchak
Training Cost 55 wood, 65 gold 40 wood, 60 gold 50 wood, 60 gold 60 wood, 35 gold
Training Time 26 seconds 27 seconds 20 seconds 20 seconds
Hit Points 60 60 60 45
Pierce Attack 8 7 8 5 + 3
Attack Bonus +1 vs Spearman
+5 vs Siege weapons
+4 vs Spearman +6 vs Mounted Archers +1 vs Spearman
Range 4 4 4 4
Rate of Fire 1.428 1.8 1.7 1.87
Attack Delay 0.5 0.88 0.63 0.5
Armor 1/0 1/0 1/1 0/0
Movement Speed 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.621
Line of Sight 6 6 5 6
Other Civilization lacks Ring Archer Armor
Fire 25% faster
Civilization lacks Parthian Tactics Civilization lacks Parthian Tactics
Can regenerate 15 HP/min
Trained 25% faster
Has Camel armor class instead of Cavalry armor class
Civilization lacks Bracer and Husbandry
Additional projectiles have 0 melee attack and 3 pierce attack which helps against Rams and Monks

The comparison of units are a mixed bag, with various missing technologies and civilization bonus. The different effect of Thumb Ring on different units does not help either. In summary, we can say that:

  • Kipchaks have the most pierce armor, because of having both Parthian Tactics and Ring Archer Armor, having 2 more than others. Camel Archers have the second most, on account of having 1 base pierce armor. All units are equal in melee armor considering base melee armor, Ring Archer Armor, and Parthian Tactics.
  • Cavalry Archers and Kipchak have the lower attack (-1 compared to others), considering Kipchaks have extra projectiles and lack Bracer, except against buildings (others do 1, Kipchaks do 3/4), rams (Cavalry Archers and Camel Archers do 1, Kipchaks do 7/10, Mangudai do 3/5) and Monks (others do their advertised attack, Kipchaks do 10/14 + Blacksmith upgrades).
  • Mangudai are the hardest to mass, considering their relatively long creation time and being created as Castles. Cavalry Archers need Archery Ranges, whereas the other two can be created in 20 seconds, considering Kasbah for Berbers. Camel Archers also have regeneration, which helps keep them alive for longer.
  • Mangudai attack the fastest. Camel Archers are second. Regular Cavalry Archers are third. Kipchaks attack the slowest.
  • Elite Mangudai and Elite Kipchaks have +3 vs Spearmen. Heavy Cavalry Archers have comparatively 1 less base attack, but +2 vs Spearmen. Elite Camel Archers have no attack bonus vs Spearmen.
  • Considering Husbandry and the Cuman bonus, all units except Imperial Age Kipchaks are equally fast. Imperial Age Kipchaks are 5% faster than others.

Further statistics[]

As Camel Archers are unique to the Berbers, only technologies that are available to them are shown in the following table:

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Slow non-ranged units, Cavalry Archers, Conquistadors
Weak vs. Huskarls, Elite Skirmishers, Eagle Warriors, Mangonels, Camel Riders, Rattan Archers
Hit points BloodlinesDE Bloodlines (+20)
Attack FletchingDE Fletching (+1)
BodkinArrowDE Bodkin Arrow (+1)
BracerDE Bracer (+1)
ChemistryDE Chemistry (+1)
Range FletchingDE Fletching (+1)
BodkinArrowDE Bodkin Arrow (+1)
BracerDE Bracer (+1)
Firing rate ThumbRingDE Thumb Ring (+18%)
Accuracy ThumbRingDE Thumb Ring (increases accuracy to 100%)
BallisticsDE Ballistics (hit moving targets)
Armor PaddedArcherArmorDE Padded Archer Armor (+1/+1)
LeatherArcherArmorDE Leather Archer Armor (+1/+1)
RingArcherArmorDE Ring Archer Armor (+1/+2)
Speed HusbandryDE Husbandry (+10%)
Conversion defense Devotion icon AoE2DE Devotion (+1 min, +1 max)
FaithDE Faith (+4 min, +4 max)
HeresyDE Heresy (die upon getting converted)
Creation speed UniqueTechCastle-DE Kasbah (+25%, Additional +25% with a Berber ally only)
ConscriptionDE Conscription (+33%)
Other UniqueTechImperialDE Maghrebi Camels (regenerates 15 HP/min)
Upgrades EliteUniqueUnitDE Elite Camel Archer

Team bonuses[]


AoE2-DLCicon-3 The African Kingdoms[]

  • Camel Archers have a +1 attack bonus against infantry and a +2 attack bonus against rams.
  • (Elite) Camel Archers have 60 (65) HP, +2 camel armor, and +2 cavalry archer armor.
  • Camel Archers train in 21 seconds.

AoE2-DLCicon-4 Rise of the Rajas[]

  • With patch 5.3, Camel Archers no longer have an attack bonus against infantry.
  • With patch 5.7, (Elite) Camel Archers have 55 (60) HP, and they lose their bonus armor against anti-camel and anti-cavalry archer attacks. Also, they lose their attack bonus against rams.
  • With patch 5.8, Camel Archers train in 25 seconds.


There is one hero in the game with the appearance of a Camel Archer:


  • With a total cost of 7,075 resources (3,100 food, 1,550 wood, 2,425 gold), Camel Archers are the most expensive unit to fully upgrade in Age of Empires II (based on all upgrades listed above except Faith and Heresy).
  • The Camel Archer is the only Castle unique unit that does not make the usual military unit sound when created. Instead, it makes the camel sound, like Camel Riders trained at the Stable.
  • It is the only camel unit that deals pierce damage.
  • It is the only camel unit to have base pierce armor.
  • Before patch 5.3 and patch 5.7, Camel Archers were regarded as one of the most unbalanced units because the Camel Class bonus attack was not high enough and they themselves have anti-camel armor and Cavalry Archer as well. Meanwhile, they have five more hit points and train faster. Also, they have a bonus attack against infantry and rams, making them even not too weak against Trebuchets and Battering Rams. This was highly criticized, as they were almost functioning as Camel Mangudai with slightly cheaper cost. It also made the Berbers a unique units civilization, since it was overpowered with Kasbah and Maghrabi Camels researched. Most of its status was toned down in those updates (by removing the anti-ram and anti-infantry attack bonuses along with their camel armor and cavalry archer armor), since the Berbers are considered a cavalry civilization with Cavalry Archer as a synergy.
  • Camel Archers are the only mounted archers without the Cavalry armor class. Instead, they have the Camel armor class.
  • Camel Archers have the most benefits in creation speed as a unique unit: Conscription, Kasbah, and the Magyar and Gurjara team bonuses.
  • The Camel Archer has a sword on its side which is just for show (it does not use the Ratha mechanic of changing its attack weapon).
  • The Camel Archer, alongside with the Korean War Wagon, are one of the two unique cavalry archer units without Parthian Tactics. [note 1]


Historically, the Berbers were well known for raiding deserts. They rode camels because they were ideal for moving quickly in the sand. Using bows while riding camels would immensely help with raiding.


  1. the Genitour does not count, as the unit is unaffected by Parthian Tactics and is a shared unique unit via the Berbers' team bonus


Units in Age of Empires II
CivilianMaleVillDE Villager · Tradecart aoe2DE Trade Cart · FishingShipDE Fishing Ship · Trade cog aoe2DE Trade Cog · King eu aoe2DE King
ReligiousMonk aoe2DE Monk
InfantryMilitiaDE Militia · Manatarms aoe2DE Man-at-Arms · Longswordsman aoe2DE Long Swordsman · Twohanded aoe2DE Two-Handed Swordsman · Champion aoe2DE Champion
Spearman aoe2DE Spearman · Aoe2-infantry-2-pikeman Pikeman · Halberdier aoe2DE Halberdier
Eaglescout aoe2DE Eagle Scout · Eaglewarrior aoe2DE Eagle Warrior · EliteEaglewarrior aoe2DE Elite Eagle Warrior
ArcherArcher aoe2DE Archer · Crossbowman aoe2DE Crossbowman · Arbalester aoe2DE Arbalester
Skirmisher aoe2DE Skirmisher · Elite skirmisher aoe2DE Elite Skirmisher
Hand cannoneer aoe2DE Hand Cannoneer
Cavalryarcher aoe2DE Cavalry Archer · Heavycavalryarcher aoe2de Heavy Cavalry Archer
Aoe2de DOI elephant archer icon Elephant Archer · ElephantArcherIcon-DE Elite Elephant Archer
CavalryScoutcavalry aoe2DE Scout Cavalry · Lightcavalry aoe2DE Light Cavalry · Hussar aoe2DE Hussar
Knight aoe2DE Knight · Cavalier aoe2DE Cavalier · Paladin aoe2DE Paladin
Camelrider aoe2DE Camel Rider · Aoe2 heavycamelriderDE Heavy Camel Rider
Battle elephant aoe2DE Battle Elephant · Elite battle elephant aoe2DE Elite Battle Elephant
Steppelancericon Steppe Lancer · Elitesteppelancericon Elite Steppe Lancer
Xolotlicon Xolotl Warrior
AoE2DE Armored Elephant icon Armored Elephant · AoE2DE Siege Elephant icon Siege Elephant
SiegeBattering ram aoe2DE Battering Ram · Capped ram aoe2DE Capped Ram · Siege ram aoe2DE Siege Ram
Mangonel aoe2DE Mangonel · Onager aoe2DE Onager · Siege onager aoe2DE Siege Onager
Scorpion aoe2DE Scorpion · Heavyscorpion aoe2DE Heavy Scorpion
Bombard cannon aoe2DE Bombard Cannon
Trebuchet aoe2DE Trebuchet
Petard aoe2DE Petard
Siegetower aoe2DE Siege Tower
War shipTransportship aoe2DE Transport Ship
Galley aoe2DE Galley · War galley aoe2DE War Galley · Galleon aoe2DE Galleon
Fire galley aoe2DE Fire Galley · Fireship aoe2DE Fire Ship · Fastfireship aoe2DE Fast Fire Ship
Demoraft aoe2DE Demolition Raft · Demoship aoe2DE Demolition Ship · Heavydemoship aoe2de Heavy Demolition Ship
Cannon galleon aoe2DE Cannon Galleon · Elite cannon galleon aoe2de Elite Cannon Galleon
AoE2 Dromon Dromon
ReligiousMissionaryIcon-DE Missionary · AoE2 WarriorPriest Warrior Priest
InfantryBerserkIcon-DE Berserk · Aoe2de Chakram Chakram Thrower · CondottieroIcon-DE Condottiero · Aoe2-icon-flemish-militia Flemish Militia · GbetoIcon-DE Gbeto · Aoe2de Ghulam Ghulam · HuskarlIcon-DE Huskarl · JaguarWarriorIcon-DE Jaguar Warrior · KamayukIcon-DE Kamayuk · Karambitwarrioricon-DE Karambit Warrior · AoE2 DE Legionary new icon Legionary · Aoe2-icon--obuch Obuch · SamuraiIcon-DE Samurai · Aoe2-icon-serjeant Serjeant · Shotelwarrioricon-DE Shotel Warrior · TeutonicKnightIcon-DE Teutonic Knight · ThrowingAxemanIcon-DE Throwing Axeman · Aoe2de Urumi Urumi Swordsman · AoE2 WarriorPriest Warrior Priest · WoadRaiderIcon-DE Woad Raider
ArcherArambaiicon-DE Arambai · CamelArcherIcon-DE Camel Archer · ChukoNuIcon-DE Chu Ko Nu · AoE2 CompositeBowman Composite Bowman · ConquistadorIcon-DE Conquistador · GenitourIcon-DE Genitour · GenoeseCrossbowmanIcon-DE Genoese Crossbowman · Imperialskirmishericon-DE Imperial Skirmisher · JanissaryIcon-DE Janissary · Kipchakicon Kipchak · LongbowmanIcon-DE Longbowman · MangudaiIcon-DE Mangudai · PlumedArcherIcon-DE Plumed Archer · Aoe2de ratha ranged Ranged Ratha · Rattanarchericon-DE Rattan Archer · SlingerIcon-DE Slinger · WarWagonIcon-DE War Wagon
CavalryBallistaelephanticon-DE Ballista Elephant · BoyarIcon-DE Boyar · Aoe2de camel scout Camel Scout · CataphractIcon-DE Cataphract · Aoe2de roman unique centurion icon Centurion · Aoe2-icon-coustillier Coustillier · Flaming camel icon Flaming Camel · ImperialCamelRiderIcon-DE Imperial Camel Rider · Keshikicon Keshik · Konnikicon Konnik · Leitisicon Leitis · MagyarHuszarIcon-DE Magyar Huszar · MamelukeIcon-DE Mameluke · AoE2 Monaspa Monaspa · Aoe2de ratha melee Melee Ratha · AoE2 Savar Savar · Aoe2de shrivamsha rider Shrivamsha Rider · TarkanIcon-DE Tarkan · WarElephantIcon-DE War Elephant · Aoe2-icon-winged-hussar Winged Hussar
SiegeAoe2-icon--houfnice Houfnice · Aoe2-icon-hussite-wagon Hussite Wagon · OrganGunIcon-DE Organ Gun
War shipCaravelIcon-DE Caravel · LongboatIcon-DE Longboat · Aoe2de Thirisadai Thirisadai · TurtleShipIcon-DE Turtle Ship