The Burmese are based on the Pagan Empire and the later Toungoo Empire, the latter of which are the largest empire in Southeastern Asia. The region around Burma is well known for their wide mountain ranges with lush valleys and a vast amount of forests. To reflect on this, the Burmese get free upgrades at the Lumber Camp. Buddhism played a huge role for the Burmese, teaching the importance of humbleness and not valuing any wealth or luxuries. This is highlighted with their cheaper Monastery technologies as well as their team bonus that reveals the location of Relics on the map.
The Burmese army were feared horsemen in the region that were able to hold their own against the Mongol invasion for a while despite their eventual defeat. In particular, the 18th-century Burmese cavalry included the deadly foreign dart-throwers, who are reflected with their unique unit, the Arambai, and one of their unique technologies, Manipur Cavalry.
The Burmese were also known for their use of heavily armored elephants, which is reflected with their other unique technology, Howdah, giving Battle Elephants extra melee armor and pierce armor. Finally, the Burmese foot soldiers were trained martial artists skilled in martial arts such as the Aka and Bando, which is reflected with their infantry getting extra attack with every Age advancement.
Standing out for the Burmese are their excellent cavalry, most notably Battle Elephants, their strong infantry, and their great Monks. On the downside, their archers are close to being unusable without key upgrades like Thumb Ring, Arbalester, and Leather Archer Armor. The latter is especially unfortunate as their otherwise strong unique unit, the Arambai, direly misses it. However, it remains a very strong unit and is one of the Burmese's selling points. Their navy and siege weapons are average with a few missing upgrades that do not too much harm overall. The defensive structures are also rather average, but their economy is strong.
Campaign appearances Edit
The Burmese have a campaign devoted to their civilization: Bayinnaung.
Unique unit Edit
Unique technologies Edit
Civilization bonuses Edit
Team bonus Edit
Rise of the Rajas Edit
Definitive Edition Edit
In-game dialogue language Edit
Burmese units speak their namesake, a Sino-Tibetan language (related to the languages spoken by the Chinese and other Sino-Tibetan-speaking peoples) written with a script descended from Brahmic, either Kadamba or Pallava.
AI player names Edit
Since prehistoric times, the fertile plains, navigable rivers, and the protection of surrounding mountains have attracted many ethnic groups to settle in the area of present-day Myanmar (Burma). Between the end of the first millennium BC and the ninth century AD, a multitude of city-states emerged as a result of intensified rice cultivation and growing Indo-Chinese trade. Similar to other early Southeast Asian polities, culture became influenced by the interaction with India. Most of the urban civilizations of Myanmar gradually converted to Buddhism and built many temples. These tall cylindrical temples, called stupas, became the prototype for later religious architecture. For example, the famous 11th century Shwezigon Pagoda was based on this design.
During the Middle Ages, two states succeeded in uniting the different polities of Myanmar into one powerful empire. In 1044, Anawrahta Minsaw (1044-1077) ascended the throne of the small Pagan kingdom in Upper Myanmar. After consolidating the state’s economic power through the building of extensive irrigation networks, Anawrahta conquered most of Upper and Lower Myanmar. Around 1200, the Pagan empire (1044-1297) reached its zenith: the Burmese language became the lingua franca, laws were codified, and the territory reached its largest extent.
The Pagan empire had only a limited standing army in their capital, called the brave ones, but additional troops were conscripted during times of war. The main body of the army consisted of infantry. A number of war elephants, the elite unit of the army and a symbol of power, were allotted to each force. The elephants were often equipped with a Howdah, a sort of carriage, from which multiple archers could shoot. In addition, the Burmese deployed a sizable cavalry force. Soldiers fought with a variety of weapons, including swords, spears, bows, and darts. Despite its many victories in the eleventh and twelfth centuries, the Pagan army was eventually defeated by the Mongols in 1285. Without powerful leadership, the empire soon disintegrated into rivaling states.
By the fourteenth century, four states had filled the void of the Pagan Empire though their rule was highly contested and vassals often rebelled. While these four states waged war among each other, the small kingdom of Toungoo profited by welcoming refugees, expanding its own territory, and raiding neighboring cities. In 1510, King Mingyinyo (1485-1530) declared independence. Under his successors, King Tabinshwehti (1530-1550) and especially King Bayinnaung (1550-1581), Toungoo expanded from a regional kingdom into the largest empire of Southeast Asia, encompassing much of present-day Myanmar, Thailand, and Laos. Extensive use of firearms and the recruitment of Portuguese artillery gave the Burmese a technological advantage in battle.
This explosive growth, however, left the Toungoo Empire ungovernable. Shortly after the death of Bayinnaung, different states rebelled. Instead of consolidating the kingdom’s core region, Bayinnaung’s son, King Nanda (1581-1599), desperately tried to hold on to the large empire. The failure of multiple campaigns against the Thai kingdom of Ayutthaya weakened Toungoo’s military strength. Failed harvests due to climatic cooling weakened the imperial economy. In 1599, Toungoo’s capital was besieged and burned to the ground, marking the end of the second Burmese Empire.
Video overview Edit