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Rise from a mere duchy to the marvel of Western Europe through economic might, cultural achievement, and the use of advanced military technology and tactics. The Burgundian unique unit is the Coustillier, a cavalry unit that utilizes a powerful shock attack when charging into battle.

The Burgundians' civilization music theme in the Definitive Edition

The Burgundians are a Western European civilization introduced in Age of Empires II: Definitive Edition - Lords of the West based on the Duchy of Burgundy in eastern and northern France and the Burgundian state which also included the Low Countries (present day Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg). In the game, they focus on cavalry with a strong economy due to their ability to research economic upgrades an age earlier, making them an ideal civilization for booming strategies. Due to the complex nature of the Burgundians, the civilization is designed for more experienced players.

Although being assimilated before the Age of Empires III timeline, their descendants (such as the Dutch Republic) play a similar role, with a complex economy and gunpowder as one of their selling points. Also, both have very effective ways of countering cavalry, since the former have Flemish Milita while the latter have good infantry.


The Burgundians are a cavalry civilization. They lack Bloodlines, but they still have prominent cavalry units such as Hussars, Paladins, and their unique unit, Coustillier, which can charge its attack. Their cheaper Scout and Knight line upgrades will make them easier to fully upgrade, and the latter can be upgraded to Cavaliers in the Castle Age. Their infantry is also good, with only Supplies missing. With Flemish Revolution upgraded, their Villagers turn into Flemish Militia, which have a bonus to cavalry. Their archery lines are weak, lacking not only Arbalests and Heavy Cavalry Archers, but also Thumb Ring, Parthian Tactics and Ring Archer Armor. Still, they have decent Hand Cannoneers due to their attack bonus. Their siege weapons are also underwhelming, except the Bombard Cannon which also gets an attack bonus. Their navy is also somewhat lacking, missing Dry Dock, Heavy Demolition Ships and Shipwright. Their Monastery is well-supplied, but it lacks Heresy (which makes their good heavy cavalry vulnerable to conversion) and Theocracy (meaning that Monks must be heavily micro-managed while on the offensive). Their defense is nearly perfect, with all technologies available except Heated Shot, and they can research all economic upgrades one Age earlier with half the food price normally required.

Campaign appearances[]

The Burgundians have a campaign devoted to their civilization: The Grand Dukes of the West. They also appear in:

Joan of Arc[]


Attila the Hun[]

The Grand Dukes of the West[]

This campaign is played as the Burgundians.


Unique unit[]

Unique technologies[]

Civilization bonuses[]

Team bonus[]

Relics generate food in addition to gold.[note 3]

In-game dialogue language[]

The Burgundian units speak their namesake (Burgundian: Bregognon, French: Bourguignon). It is an Oïl language spoken in Burgundy and particularly in the Morvan area of the region.

There is also an Eastern Germanic language called Burgundian, but went extinct in the 6th century, and the in-game Burgundians are more represented by the Duchy of Burgundy.

Bourguignon language could be varied in different regions, especially the vocabulary spelling, which the word fits the in-game dialog should be selected. For example, Jo/Jou/Ju/I/Y is the person singular pronoun in Bourguignon, cognates Je in French. Both I and Y are acceptable here, choosing I as it is more commonly used.

Different voice actors pronounce the same words differently, even mispronouncing them. For example, syllable a in French sometimes cognates ai in Bourguignon, "I hunt" is more commonly used as I chaisse rather I chasse. A similar principle can be applied to the words Attaque, Avance and Armes.

  • Select 1 – Yes
  • Select 2 Bonjôr - Good day
  • Select 3 Prât – Ready
  • Select 4 Vous ordes? - Your order? (Probably mispronounced as "ordres")
  • Task 1 – Yes
  • Task 2 I compris – I understood (Elliptical phrase of I'ais compris)
  • Task 3 I vais – I go
  • Task 4 Immédiatement– Immediately
  • Build I bâtis - I build
  • Chop I beûche du bô – I cut wood
  • Farm I cultive – I farm
  • Fish I pêches – I fish
  • Forage I recueille – I gather
  • Hunt I chasse – I hunt
  • Mine I mine – I mine
  • Repair I reparai – I repair
  • Select 1 Sì? – Yes?
  • Select 2 À vous sarvice – At Your service
  • Select 3 Vous ordes? – Your command?
  • Move 1 I compris - I understood
  • Move 2 I vais – I go
  • Move 3 Sì monsieur – Yes Sir
  • Attack 1 Attaque – Attack!
  • Attack 2 Avance – Foward!
  • Attack 3 Armes – To arms!
  • Select 1 Sì? – Yes?
  • Select 2 Vous ordes? – Your command?
  • Select 3 À vous sarvice – At Your service
  • Select 4 À nom Dieu – In the name of the God
  • Move 1 I vais – I go
  • Move 2 – Yes
  • Move 3 Bon – Well (In the sense of I understood)
  • Move 4 Immédiatement – Immediately
  • Select 1 Vois là – Look there
  • Select 2 Quoi voules vous? – What do you desire?
  • Select 3 Pourquoi me treuibles vous? – Why are you bothering me?
  • Select 4 I seu iluec – I am here (Iluec is an archaic word for "here")
  • Move 1 I ferai quei vous me demandais – I will do what you're asking me
  • Move 2 Per ma grâce – By my grace
  • Move 3 Comme vous demanda – You command me
  • Move 4 I ferai – I will do
Sources used (noted all sources are in French except wiki):

AI player names[]

When playing a random map game against the computer, the player may encounter any of the following Burgundian AI characters:

  • Eudes the Red (1060-1102): Also known as Odo I, Eudes the Red, Duke of Burgundy, participated in the French expedition to the Iberian peninsula, started after the Battle of Sagrajas and ending with little accomplished in the failed Siege of Tudela in 1087. Later, he participated in the Crusade of 1101, where he died, while in Asia Minor, in 1101.
  • Robert the Old (1011 – 21 March 1076): He was Duke of Burgundy from 1032 to his death. Robert was the son of King Robert II of France and Constance of Arles. His brother was Henry I of France.
  • Gundaharius (died 437): Better known by his legendary names Gunther (Middle High German: Gunther) or Gunnar (Old Norse: Gunnarr), he was a historical king of Burgundy in the early 5th century.
  • John the Fearless (28 May 1371 – 10 September 1419): He was a scion of the French royal family who ruled the Burgundian State from 1404 until his death in 1419. He played a key role in French national affairs during the early 15th century, particularly in the struggles to rule the country for the mentally ill King Charles VI, his cousin, and the Hundred Years' War with England. A rash, ruthless and unscrupulous politician, John murdered the King's brother, the Duke of Orléans, in an attempt to gain control of the government, which led to the eruption of the Armagnac–Burgundian Civil War in France and in turn culminated in his own assassination in 1419.
  • Charles the Bold: He was the Duke of Burgundy from 1467 to 1477. His main objective was to be crowned king by turning the growing Burgundian State into a territorially continuous kingdom. He declared himself and his lands independent, bought Upper Alsace and conquered Zutphen, Guelders and Lorraine, uniting at last Burgundian northern and southern possessions. This caused the enmity of several European powers and triggered the Burgundian Wars.
  • Philip the Good (31 July 1396 – 15 June 1467): He was Duke of Burgundy from 1419 until his death. He was a member of a cadet line of the Valois dynasty, to which all 15th-century kings of France belonged. During his reign, the Burgundian State reached the apex of its prosperity and prestige, and became a leading centre of the arts
  • Robert II of Burgundy (1248 – 21 March 1306): Robert II of Burgundy was Duke of Burgundy between 1272 and 1306. Robert was the third son of duke Hugh IV and Yolande of Dreux.
  • Richard the Justiciar (858–921): Richard, Duke of Burgundy , also known as Richard of Autun or Richard the Justiciar, was Count of Autun from 880 and the first Margrave and Duke of Burgundy. He eventually attained suzerainty over all the counties of Burgundy save Mâcon and by 890 he was referred to as dux (duke) and by 900 as marchio (margrave). By 918 he was being called dux Burgundionem or dux Burgundiae, which probably signified less the existence of a unified Burgundian dukedom than feudal suzerainty over a multiplicity of counties in a specific region.
  • Gundobad (c. 452 – 516 AD): Gundobad (Latin: Flavius Gundobadus; French: Gondebaud, Gondovald) was King of the Burgundians (473 – 516), succeeding his father Gundioc of Burgundy. Previous to this, he had been a Patrician of the moribund Western Roman Empire in 472 – 473, three years before its collapse, succeeding his uncle Ricimer. He is perhaps best known today as the probable issuer of the Lex Burgundionum legal codes, which synthesized Roman law with ancient Germanic customs. He was the husband of Caretene.
  • Gundomar: Gundomar I (also Gundimar, Godomar, or Godemar) was eldest son and successor of Gebicca, King of the Burgundians. He succeeded his father in 406 or 407 and reigned until 411. He was succeeded by his brother Giselher.
  • Gunderic (379–428): Gunderic (Latin: Gundericus) , King of Hasding Vandals (407-418), then King of Vandals and Alans (418–428), led the Hasding Vandals, a Germanic tribe originally residing near the Oder River, to take part in the barbarian invasions of the Western Roman Empire in the fifth century.
  • Odo IV of Burgundy (1295 – 3 April 1349): Odo IV or Eudes IV was Duke of Burgundy from 1315 until his death and Count of Burgundy and Artois between 1330 and 1347. He was the second son of Duke Robert II and Agnes of France.


Lords of the West[]

  • Introduced with update 44725. Relics generate 20 food per minute, and Burgundian Vineyards converts all food into gold.
  • With update 47820, economic upgrades cost -50% food, Relic Food generation is increased to 30 food per minute, Burgundian Vineyards now only converts half of the food into gold, and gold generated by farmers is increased by 33%.

Dawn of the Dukes[]

  • With update 54480, Burgundian Vineyards: No longer converts half of the food stockpile to gold. Still enables Farmers to generate a small trickle of gold.


  • The Burgundian civilization icon is a shield bearing the Cross of Burgundy, a symbol adopted by the Duchy of Burgundy for their troops in the early 15th century, though the actual arms of Burgundy were diagonal blue and gold stripes. The Cross was probably chosen by developers because the latter is too similar to the Hauteville arms used by the Sicilians.
    • Due to dynastic marriages, Duchy and Cross were inherited by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and then by his son, Philip II of Spain, in the 16th century. This is why the Cross of Burgundy is the Spanish flag in Age of Empires III.
  • The user interface image displays the coat of arms of the House of Valois-Burgundy that ruled the Duchy of Burgundy from 1363 to 1482 and later came to rule vast lands including Artois, Flanders, Luxembourg, Hainault, the county palatine of Burgundy (Franche-Comté), and other lands through marriage, forming what is now known as the Burgundian State.
    • The Burgundian Netherlands was also one of the first States that unified the Netherlands into a country, which is also the predecessor for the Dutch Republic. However, apart from Elite Cannon Galleons which have more attack and earlier Gillnets, they do not have an excellent navy and great economy in the water.
  • The Cross of Burgundy is sewn into the jacket of the Burgundians' first unique unit, the Coustillier.
  • When initially announced, the Flemish Militia was known as the Flemish Pikeman and they originally had fallen Knights returning 50% of their gold cost as a civilization bonus. It was removed, possibly due to balance reasons, while the cheaper Stable technologies, Cavalier upgrade in the Castle Age, and Gunpowder units with 25% extra attack were added at the launch, and the Castle Age unique technology, Burgundian Vineyards, only converted the food into gold. They also lacked Hussar, Elite Cannon Galleon, Two-Man Saw, and Stone Shaft Mining. The Coustillier also cost 10 less gold. Flemish Revolution only transformed all Villagers as the only effect, and was researched slower.
  • Having access to Cavaliers, the Burgundians are one of the three civilizations which have access to a generic unit earlier than any other civilization, the other two being the Bohemians and Cumans (Hand Cannoneer and Battering/Capped Ram, respectively).
  • The Burgundians are the only Western European civilization that have all gunpowder units and the Bombard Tower. They are also the only Western European civilization to have Redemption and Atonement, which make their Monks comparably usable in their building style. Also, they are the only civilization not introduced in The Age of Kings that get access to all economic technologies.
    • They are also the only civilization having all gunpowder units and Bombard Tower, but none of them can be fully upgraded.
  • The Burgundians were represented by the Franks before Lords of the West was released.
  • The Burgundians are always the enemy of the player in all of the campaign scenarios, except for the fourth Attila the Hun scenario, where they can potentially become the player's ally.
  • The Burgundians are somewhat similar to Lithuanians. Both have bonus to their cavalry units, and their Castle unique units are both cavalry with powerful performance in melee. Both have good Monks and to some extent, they rely on Relics to get an advantage. Their infantry are average and they have mediocre archer units. Their siege weapons are all simply terrible, and they have a lackluster navy. Their economy and defense are both perfect, and similarly, they are the only civilizations with all gunpowder units in their own building sets.
  • Despite the controversy about the double attack of the Coustillier against archer units and the better charge attack at release, the Burgundians were among the weakest civilizations when first released. Their win rates were among the lowest in the game, mostly because their earlier economic technologies came with the drawback of cost, which is very high to be researched one age earlier. This is very punishing to the player to use properly. This explains why from update 47820, the economic upgrades cost 50% less food. The similar situation is the Cuman double Town Center, though the latter have the protection of their economy circle. After the addition bonus to their economic technologies, they are one of the most powerful civilizations, as they can save a lot of food to research their advanced economic technologies, which will be more efficient for their Villagers at the same age, which may even be the best of the game. This, combined with the buffed team bonus, Burgundian Vineyards unique technology, and a wide technology tree, can make them a powerful civilization. However, after raising the price of Flemish Revolution and reducing the attack bonus against buildings for Flemish Militia, the Burgundians are now an average civilization in 1vs1 matches. The adjustion makes them less viable throughout the Revolution to boost a lot of military units. Nevertheless, they still work well in team games, especially in closed maps.
  • The Burgundians have some of the most powerful economic bonuses, which may even be superior to the Vikings', who get free Wheelbarrow and Hand Cart. However, the Burgundians have a sub-optimal win rate against the latter, possibly because of Chieftains.
  • The Burgundians have the worst Cavalry Archers, as they are the only civilization lacking Bloodlines, Thumb Ring and its upgrades.
  • The Burgundians, along with Persians, are the only two civilizations having access to Paladin, but not Heresy.
  • The Burgundians are now the last civilization introduced with access to Paladin. They are also the last civilization using the original game building set.


Around the turn of the 5th century AD, the vast Roman Empire was unable to prevent the irruption of hostile Germanic tribes into its territory. One such group, the Burgundians, crossed the Rhine into Gaul and became established as Roman federates by 411. Peace did not hold, however, and around 437 the Romans employed Hunnic mercenaries against their former allies. Many Burgundians and their king, Gundaharius, were slaughtered, an event immortalized in Germanic epic works such as the Poetic Edda, Völsunga saga, and the Nibelungenlied.

The following century was a tumultuous one. As the Hunnic and Western Roman empires fell into ruin, the surviving Burgundians carved out another kingdom along the upper Rhône River. This polity rose to prominence under Gundobad (452-516), a devout Christian who was most famous for enacting a law code reconciling Germanic tribal norms with Roman legal concepts. Gundobad’s sons, however, could not resist the incursions of their aggressive Merovingian Frankish neighbors, and the kingdom was overrun by the Franks by 534.

With the collapse of the Carolingian Frankish Empire in the 9th century, central authority gave way to local magnates who largely ruled independent polities, even if nominally under the authority of the king. One of these, Duke Richard the Justiciar (858-921), managed to increase his power so considerably that his son Rudolph was even elected King of France in 923. As the Capetian kings created a powerful ruling dynasty in France, the Duchy of Burgundy retained a position of power and prominence, but nevertheless subordination.

Over the next several centuries, the dukes of Burgundy endeavored to aggrandize themselves as much as possible through shrewd diplomacy and capable management of their domains. A vibrant monastic culture blossomed under Burgundian patronage; many of these monasteries became centers of learning and viticulture, a tradition that exists in the region to the modern day. As a crossroads between the medieval states in modern-day France, Spain, Italy, and Germany, Burgundy enjoyed a powerful position in inter-regional trade and commerce.

The Duchy of Burgundy reached its zenith during the 14th and 15th centuries under a series of powerful dukes known as the House of Valois-Burgundy. Through marriage, Duke Philip the Bold (1342-1404) acquired influence in Flanders, a region famed for its lucrative maritime, wool, and textile trades, but troublesome due to the independent tendencies of its cities. Philip’s son, John the Fearless (1371-1419), violently expanded Burgundian influence in the Low Countries, but primarily occupied himself with a bloody civil war against the Armagnacs, a faction of French dukes competing with Burgundy for influence in the French royal court. The conflict culminated in John’s seizure of Paris, but John was assassinated by his rivals immediately thereafter.

By this time, the Hundred Years’ War was in full-swing, with the English also threatening French royal sovereignty and claiming the crown. In response to John’s murder, his successor, Philip the Good (1396-1467), did the previously unthinkable and allied himself with the English while greatly expanding his control over several counties and duchies in the Low Countries. As duke, Philip was known as a shrewd diplomat, an effective military expansionist, and an opportunistic, charismatic ruler who paired martial and political prowess with cultural patronage and economic growth. Burgundian wealth reached opulence, and Philip’s affinity for foreign–particularly Flemish and Italian–art and other luxuries had a considerable influence on other European courts. Philip also famously captured the French heroine Joan of Arc and sold her to the English in 1430; subsequently, in 1435 he reneged on his alliance with the English and turned coat to support the French king.

The Burgundian military enjoyed great success during this period due to its willingness to employ cutting-edge technology and tactics. Burgundian dukes used early artillery and firearms to deadly effect, and their armies were largely composed of professional forces as well. Mobile armed retinues of knights including the coustilliers, versatile medium cavalry who supported mounted knights in battle, formed a deadly complement to the rest of the army. This powerful military engendered the delusion of kingship in Philip’s successor, Charles the Bold (1433-1477), whose belligerent nature threatened all of his neighbors. A failed invasion of the Swiss Confederacy culminated in his death in 1477, however, and he died without a male heir. Following his death, Burgundy was divided between the French crown, which claimed its lands, and the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian of Habsburg, who married Philip's daughter Mary.



  1. Farmers generate 0.017 gold per second while in gathering animation, or roughly 0.014 gold per second with no upgrades and 0.017 gold per second with full upgrades (Heavy Plow, Wheelbarrow, and Hand Cart).
  2. Applies to Hand Cannoneers, Bombard Cannons, and Cannon Galleons. The bonus modifies all existing attack classes of the unit (e.g. versus Spearman line, Hand Cannoneer receives ×1.25 damage multiplier towards its pierce damage, anti-infantry damage, and anti-spearman damage).
    As unit armor classes are applied after the multiplication takes place, in cases with existing armor (pierce armor, anti-infantry bonus damage reduction of Condottiero) the bonus ends up being higher than +25%:
    E.g. 1: In the case of Hand Cannoneer vs fully upgraded Champion: (ROUND(17 * 1.25) – 5) = 16 {pierce} + ROUND(10 * 1.25) = 13 {anti-infantry} = 29 damage, the actual damage is increased from 22 to 29 (i.e. by c. 32%) for Burgundians.
    E.g. 2: In the worst case scenario of Hand Cannoneer vs Malian Condottiero: (ROUND(17 * 1.25) – 7) = 14 {pierce} + (ROUND(10 * 1.25) - 10) = 3 {anti-infantry} = 17 damage, the Burgundian Hand Cannoneer deals 17 damage instead of 10, or +70% damage).
    Unlike the elevation bonus where the decimal part is stored for each attack, the resulted bonus damage from the Burgundian bonus is rounded for every armor class (rounded up if the decimal part is 0.5) to the nearest integer and remembered as such for every attack. This is probably due to the fact that the Burgundian bonus is applied as a +25% bonus to the unit's base attack stats which are most likely stored as integers.
    Both the elevation bonus and the Sicilian bonus damage resistance are applied after the rounded Burgundian bonus damage and both preserve decimal figures.
  3. Food generation rate: 0.5 food/sec (same as gold generation rate). Food generation is not affected by other modifiers (i.e., the Aztecs' team bonus, the Hindustanis' Grand Trunk Road unique technology, or the Huns' Atheism unique technology as these clearly mention gold generation).