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This article is about the civilization in Age of Empires III. For the civilization in Age of Empires II: The Age of Kings, see Britons. For the civilization in Age of Empires IV, see English.
Civilization Technology tree Strategy

In the New World, the British were one of the most powerful colonizers defeating multiple European powers. They eventually established thirteen colonies, which later revolted against the British Empire to form the United States of America.

The British civilization's music theme in the Definitive Edition

The British are a playable European civilization in Age of Empires III and its expansions The WarChiefs and The Asian Dynasties. The British are the people hailing from the British Isles in Northern Europe and a united kingdom comprising of the English, Scottish, Welsh, and Irish nations.

In the New World, the British were one of the most powerful colonizers after defeating multiple European powers. They eventually established thirteen colonies, which later revolted against the British to form the United States of America. They captured Canada from the French in 1763 and controlled it until 1867 where they still have major influence. They later fought against France's emperor Napoleon from 1800 to 1815, and defeated him with a combined coalition in Waterloo.

Britain started the Industrial Revolution, a momentous movement which paved the way for the world's modernization. By the 19th century, the British held the largest empire in history, and were the strongest and most influential of all nations at this time.

Home City[]


The British can quickly get a powerful economy early in the game because they can create Settlers faster than other civilizations. Early in the game it is best to focus on gathering wood for the Manors so more Settlers will be spawned.

The British military is very powerful especially later on in the game because Musketeers and Hussars, two mainline and versatile units, can later on become upgraded to a Royal Guard level. British Home City Cards are also very useful because they focuses on its technology and the navy.

With several cards, British Grenadiers become one of the most powerful in the game.

Campaign appearances[]

The British are the playable faction in the tutorial levels of Age of Empires III, under the faction title of English Colonists.

They also appear as the main opponent in the Act III: India campaign in The Asian Dynasties as the British East India Company under the command of Colonel Edwardson.


Unique units[]

  • Longbow aoe3de.png Longbowman: Archaic long-ranged archer. Good against infantry.
  • Ranger portrait.png Ranger: British skirmisher. Equipped with a rifle to counter Heavy Infantry more effectively, but has less range.
  • Rocket de.png Rocket: Heavy artillery that fires a rocket and is good against infantry or buildings.

Unique building[]

  • House aoe3de.png Manor: More expensive than a normal House. Supports 10 population.


Home City Cards[]

Main article: British Home City Cards


Alliance British.png

The British are also an Imperial Age Alliance option in Age of Empires III: Definitive Edition - The African Royals, available to the Hausa. As soon as the player advances into the Imperial Age by allying with the British, an Arsenal Builder appears at the Home City shipment point, which can be retrained at Town Centers if it or the Arsenal are destroyed, allow Frigates to be trained at the Port, and the following technologies to be researched at the University:

Technology Cost Description
British Artillery Engineers.png British Artillery Engineers 1,500 influence Heavy Cannon available at the Palace for 800 influence
British Army.png British Army 3,500 influence Ships 17 Redcoat Musketeers and 3 Heavy Cannons


Imperial age up.png 1 Arsenal Builder and 1 Heavy Cannon

In-game dialogue[]

Main article: British dialogue lines

British units speak a variant of Middle English whose pronunciation varies widely from unit to unit, sometimes being rather Chaucerian and at other times being more like Modern English. For example, the Surgeon says "ish" instead of "ee" when saying what would be "I" in Modern English (and likewise, the vowel in the word "right" varies between being short (so it rhymes with "hit") or longer as in Modern English "right"). Sometimes "th"s are pronounced as "d"s, and short e/a/uh sounds are in words that are no longer in Modern English.

Question marks (?) have been added where there is only a vague definition or translation or even less, and brackets immediately after the in-game dialogue sample give a rough pronunciation.


  • Yes? [pronounced more like "yis"]
  • Ready
  • Commandement? [commandiment] - What is it? / Your command?
  • Hail [a term of greeting, rhymes with "trial"]
  • Yes [pronounced more like "yis"]
  • I(c) woll [ï/ee/ish woll] - I will
  • I(c) meane so [ee/ish mehne soh] - I mean so
  • Right [richt/right]
  • Advance! [av/ance]
  • Lay on!
  • I waste! [ee west/ee wist] - I kill!
  • Assail! [ass/ai]


  • Build Wright/wrought - Builder
  • Farm Tiller [Till/ye/rer] - Ploughman
  • Gather Coin Hokester [huckster or hawk(e)ster?] - Miner
  • Gather Fruit Gatherer [gatherer/gaderer]
  • Gather Meat Hunter [hoonter]
  • Gather Wood Forster - Forester


  • Claim I claim this land a Great Britain's hearth!
  • Disabled I am sorely grieved, I may not steera ("steera" means "stir" pertaining to movement)
  • Ransomed I can you thank, that you ransomed me
  • Revived I feel a bit strengthened, now (I feel a bit stronger, now.)


  • The British flag shown in the game is the King's Colours flag (used by Great Britain between 1606–1801).
  • According to early screenshots prior to the release of Age of Empires III and unused textures in the game files (british.ddt), the British flag in the game would be the Union Jack used by the United Kingdom between 1801–present.
  • The architecture style of the British post Exploration Age is mainly timber framing. This is historically inaccurate as this style was used predominantly in Europe and Britain while British colonies in North America used Georgian architecture instead.


In 1492 England was a modest agricultural nation recovering from the effects of long wars in which its kings attempted to retain inherited control of large parts of France. By the early eighteenth century the English ruled Great Britain, having united all the British Isles and established important colonies and outposts around the world. By the nineteenth century they controlled the world's largest empire and were the first nation to industrialize. These transformations were the result of their favorable position as an island nation, a high relative degree of personal and economic freedom, a large literate middle class, financial acumen, and a culture that encouraged action, progress, and achievement.

Critical to Britain's empire building was the rise of its military, especially its navy. Beginning as raiders and privateers preying on Spanish shipping from the New World, by 1588 their sea rogues were able to defeat the immense Spanish Armada in the English Channel. Recurring European naval wars established Royal Navy standards and traditions that allowed Britain to project its trade and empire to India, Australia, China, and North America. On land, the relatively small British army earned a reputation for disciplined musketry, an excellent officer corps, and occasionally brilliant generalship.

Britain established colonies on Caribbean islands and the North American continent in the early seventeenth century. The islands were the real prize at first, as sugar plantations proved enormously profitable. The small settlements in Virginia and Massachusetts expanded gradually as an accelerating flood of farmers and laborers came to North America looking for land, religious freedom, and opportunity. The colonies welcomed the poor and dispossessed not only from the home country and Ireland, but also from mainland Europe. The British colonies were bordered by the French in Canada, a small Spanish presence in Florida, and Native Americans across the mountains to the west. Victory in a middle eighteenth century world war with France, disputed from India to Europe to North America, made Canada British and opened the door to western expansion. One of Britain's few setbacks in this period was the loss of its American colonies in the revolution of 1776.