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This article is about the unit in Age of Empires II HD: The Forgotten. For for unit in Age of Empires III: Definitive Edition - Knights of the Mediterranean, see Boyar (Age of Empires III).

Slavic unique cavalry unit. Resistant to melee attack.
Age of Empires II description

The Boyar is the unique unit of the Slavs in Age of Empires II HD: The Forgotten. It is a heavily armored cavalry unit.

Boyars can be upgraded to Elite Boyars in the Imperial Age.


The Boyar is a heavy cavalry unit akin to the Knight line which importantly has high melee armor but moves slightly slower. Importantly, it has the same pierce armor as the Knight line and costs -5 gold when compared to the Knight's cost. The high melee armor greatly enhance its strength when fighting light units which do not deal significant bonus damage, such as light cavalry, Karambit Warriors, Eagle Warriors, Ghulams, and Throwing Axemen.

When compared to a generic but fully upgraded Knight line civilization, say the Spanish, the Elite Boyar lags behind in hit points when compared to the Paladin, but has the same attack. However, when compared to the Slavic Knight line, which lacks the Paladin upgrade, the Boyar is the much superior option even ignoring the cost difference, aside from its slower attack rate, which is same as that of the Paladin. Its production time is decent, as one Castle Boyar production is same as two Stable Knight production.

The Castle Age Boyar has +2 melee armor and +2 attack over the Knight. In melee fights, this roughly translates to a Lithuanian Knight with four Relics. Another way to look at this is that compared to a Burgundian Cavalier, the Boyar has +2 melee armor. In other words, in melee situations, the Castle Age Boyar provides the same strength as the Imperial Age unit, the Cavalier. The Elite Boyar takes the melee armor boost even further and has +6 melee armor over the Knight line's, which is always 2. It has +10 hit points and +2 attack over the Cavalier, but -30 hit points when compared to the Paladin.

While the Boyar holds up better in melee fights better than the Knight line, it does not play very differently than the Knight line. It is countered by the same units, viz. Monks, Halberdiers, Heavy Camel Riders, etc. Stronger melee units, viz. War and Battle Elephants can also deal with Boyars. While the Monaspa loses in equal numbers, large groups of Monaspa can beat the Boyar due to the extra attack they get, while also costing less resources, as well as having self-regeneration and high melee armor. The Leitis, Wootz Steel infantry, and Composite Bowmen deserve a special mention since they ignore all armor. However, the Boyar is not countered by the non-Heavy Camel Rider, though it remains as a cost-effective counter. Since Boyars move slower than Knights, mounted archers, such as the Mangudai, are an even bigger threat. The threat of Monks is enhanced by the Slavs lack of Heresy.

There is no one unit in the Slavic technology tree which perfectly complements the Boyar. As such, one must mix and match units depending on what the opponent is making. Light Cavalry are great against Monks. Scorpions are good against infantry and archers. Infantry is good against Heavy Camel Riders. The Slavs have bonuses to support the production of all these units. While enemy heavy cavalry and elephants can be fought with both Boyars and Pikemen, it is wiser to convert them for self, which is supported by another bonus for Monks.

Boyars on the other hand are the main shock troops. They can raid, destroy towns, and even raze Castles in addition to fighting enemy troops head-on. However, the player may instead use a combination of siege and infantry as their main army, in which case, Boyars are supposed to deal with enemy siege, mainly Siege Onagers and Bombard Cannons, which can destroy this composition.

Getting a good number of Boyars requires having multiple Castles to sustain a good production, and researching the Castle Age unique technology Detinets turns the Castle cost from 650 stone to 260 wood, 390 stone, thus making Castles more accessible and massing Boyars easier. Being created from Castles also means they are more accessable when creating Castles across the map to secure map control.

Comparison with similar units[]

BoyarIcon-DE Boyar line Burgundian Knight aoe2DE Knight line
Cost 60 food, 70 gold 60 food, 75 gold
Training time 15 seconds 30 seconds
Movement speed 1.3 1.35
CastleageDE Castle Age BoyarIcon-DE Boyar Cavalier aoe2DE Cavalier
Hit points 100 120-20
Attack 12 12
Attack speed 1.9 1.8
Armor 4/2 2/2
Line of Sight 5 4
Upgrade cost
and time
1,000 food, 600 gold
60 seconds
650 food, 375 gold
170 seconds
ImperialageDE Imperial Age BoyarIcon-DE Elite Boyar Paladin aoe2DE Paladin
Hit points 130 160-20
Attack 14 14
Attack speed 1.9 1.9
Armor 8/3 2/3
Line of Sight 5 5

Further statistics[]

As Boyars are unique to the Slavs, only technologies that are available to them are shown in the following table:

Strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Elite Skirmishers, most melee units, siege weapons
Weak vs. Pikemen, Camel Riders, Monks, Kamayuks, Teutonic Knights, Mamelukes, War Elephants, Genoese Crossbowmen, Samurai, Leiciai, Obuchs, Composite Bowmen
Hit points BloodlinesDE Bloodlines (+20)
Attack Forging aoe2de Forging (+1)
IronCastingDE Iron Casting (+1)
BlastFurnaceDE Blast Furnace (+2)
Armor ScaleBardingArmorDE Scale Barding Armor (+1/+1)
ChainBardingDE Chain Barding Armor (+1/+1)
PlateBardingArmorDE Plate Barding Armor (+1/+2)
Conversion resistance Devotion icon AoE2DE Devotion (+1 min, +1 max)
FaithDE Faith (+4 min, +4 max)
Movement speed HusbandryDE Husbandry (+10%)
Creation speed ConscriptionDE Conscription (+33%)
UniqueTechCastle-DE Kasbah (+25%, with a Berber ally only)
Team bonuses
Conversion resistance Teutons AoE2 Teutons (+3 min, +1 max)

Team bonuses[]


AoE2-DLCicon-2 The Forgotten[]

  • Boyars move at a speed of 1.35 and are created in 23 (20 for Elite) seconds.
  • Elite Boyars have 6 melee armor.
  • Boyars have 1 (2 for Elite) pierce armor.
  • Boyars cost 50 food, 80 gold.

AoE2-DLCicon-3 The African Kingdoms[]

  • With patch 4.8, Boyars move at a speed of 1.4.

AoEIIDE icon Definitive Edition[]

  • (Elite) Boyar training time reduced to 15 seconds.
  • With update 36906, Boyars have 2 (3 for Elite) pierce armor, and move at a speed of 1.3.

AoE2Icon-LordsWest Lords of the West[]

AoE2Icon-DynastiesIndia Dynasties of India[]


There are two heroes in the game with the appearance of a Boyar:


In the mod version, Age of Empires II: Forgotten Empires, the Boyar had a distinctly European looking design, as it was an unused 'beta' model for the Cataphract. (Mounted) Joan of Arc used the same model for its horse and sword. In the retail version, The Forgotten, however, the Boyar was replaced by a completely new model. This model's texture is appropriately region specific in appearance. The horse is encased in felt and leather with gold accents (covering the armor), the rider himself is armed with an axe instead of a sword and carries a circular shield as well. In patch 3.6, the Boyar received minor redesigns.


  • In the Forgotten Empires mod, the Boyar's model was a modified version of Joan of Arc, which is also based on Cataphract's beta model.
  • Before the Definitive Edition, the Boyar was one of four units without any innate attack bonus, the others being the Knight line, the Militia, and the Turtle Ship.
  • The Boyar appears to be wielding a bardiche, a hafted-axe-based weapon whose use started in 15th century Russia and later became standard equipment for Strelets. It was also used in Poland, where similarly to Russia, it was used to rest handguns when firing. It was also used for execution duty.
  • With 11 melee armor, a fully upgraded Elite Boyar has the highest melee armor of all cavalry units and the second highest of all land units, only behind of the Elite Teutonic Knight with 13 melee armor.
  • In the beta, Elite Boyars had 16 attack.
  • In the beta, due to a bug, the Boyar did not have death sounds.
  • The Elite Boyar might have the best armor for any unit in the game, as they can resist a lot of melee damage and also being quite resistant against pierce attacks (they can take up to 50 Arbalester shots).
  • The Boyars are often nicknamed mounted Teutonic Knights for having very high melee armor, decent pierce armor, and are the joint-slowest among the non–elephant cavalry units since update 36906.
  • The Slavic unique unit, Boyar, which was an aristocratic social class, was historically not found among the West Slavs (Poles and Bohemians).


A boyar was a member of the highest rank of the feudal Bulgarian, Serbian, East Slavic, Wallachian, and Moldavian and later, Romanian aristocracies, second only to the ruling princes (in Bulgaria, tsars), from the 10th century to the 17th century. The rank has lived on as a surname in Russia, Ukraine and Romania, and in Finland, where it is spelled Pajari.

Also known as bolyar, this word appears in various languages include Bulgarian: боляр or болярин; Ukrainian: буй or боярин; Russian: боя́рин, tr.boyarin, IPA: [bɐˈjærʲɪn]; Romanian: boier, IPA: [boˈjer]; and Greek: βογιάρος.

The word is likely derived from the plural form of the Bulgarian title boyila, boyle ("noble") attested in Bulgar inscriptions, in Old Church Slavonic as болꙗринъ boljarinŭ (sg.), болꙗрина boljarina (du.), болꙗре boljare (pl.), as βωυλε bоyle, βοιλας, βοηλας, βοιλᾶς boilas, βουληα boylea, βολιᾶς bolias, βοιλάδες boilades and βολιάδες boliades in the Byzantine Greek documents. Multiple different derivation theories of the word have been suggested by scholars and linguists: Watkins derived the title from Turkic *boyla er with er meaning "man" and boyla "Turkic nobleman of a rank below a khan"; even so, Clauson (1972:385) proposed that the boyla had a pre-Turkic, possibly Xiongnu, origin. The title entered Old East Slavic as была byla (nom. sing.) & былями bylyami (instr. pl.) (attested solely in The Tale of Igor's Campaign) (possibly from unattested *bŭila *бъіла or *бъила).



Units in Age of Empires II
CivilianMaleVillDE Villager · Tradecart aoe2DE Trade Cart · FishingShipDE Fishing Ship · Trade cog aoe2DE Trade Cog · King eu aoe2DE King
ReligiousMonk aoe2DE Monk
InfantryMilitiaDE Militia · Manatarms aoe2DE Man-at-Arms · Longswordsman aoe2DE Long Swordsman · Twohanded aoe2DE Two-Handed Swordsman · Champion aoe2DE Champion
Spearman aoe2DE Spearman · Aoe2-infantry-2-pikeman Pikeman · Halberdier aoe2DE Halberdier
Eaglescout aoe2DE Eagle Scout · Eaglewarrior aoe2DE Eagle Warrior · EliteEaglewarrior aoe2DE Elite Eagle Warrior
ArcherArcher aoe2DE Archer · Crossbowman aoe2DE Crossbowman · Arbalester aoe2DE Arbalester
Skirmisher aoe2DE Skirmisher · Elite skirmisher aoe2DE Elite Skirmisher
Hand cannoneer aoe2DE Hand Cannoneer
Cavalryarcher aoe2DE Cavalry Archer · Heavycavalryarcher aoe2de Heavy Cavalry Archer
Aoe2de DOI elephant archer icon Elephant Archer · ElephantArcherIcon-DE Elite Elephant Archer
CavalryScoutcavalry aoe2DE Scout Cavalry · Lightcavalry aoe2DE Light Cavalry · Hussar aoe2DE Hussar
Knight aoe2DE Knight · Cavalier aoe2DE Cavalier · Paladin aoe2DE Paladin
Camelrider aoe2DE Camel Rider · Aoe2 heavycamelriderDE Heavy Camel Rider
Battle elephant aoe2DE Battle Elephant · Elite battle elephant aoe2DE Elite Battle Elephant
Steppelancericon Steppe Lancer · Elitesteppelancericon Elite Steppe Lancer
Xolotlicon Xolotl Warrior
AoE2DE Armored Elephant icon Armored Elephant · AoE2DE Siege Elephant icon Siege Elephant
SiegeBattering ram aoe2DE Battering Ram · Capped ram aoe2DE Capped Ram · Siege ram aoe2DE Siege Ram
Mangonel aoe2DE Mangonel · Onager aoe2DE Onager · Siege onager aoe2DE Siege Onager
Scorpion aoe2DE Scorpion · Heavyscorpion aoe2DE Heavy Scorpion
Bombard cannon aoe2DE Bombard Cannon
Trebuchet aoe2DE Trebuchet
Petard aoe2DE Petard
Siegetower aoe2DE Siege Tower
War shipTransportship aoe2DE Transport Ship
Galley aoe2DE Galley · War galley aoe2DE War Galley · Galleon aoe2DE Galleon
Fire galley aoe2DE Fire Galley · Fireship aoe2DE Fire Ship · Fastfireship aoe2DE Fast Fire Ship
Demoraft aoe2DE Demolition Raft · Demoship aoe2DE Demolition Ship · Heavydemoship aoe2de Heavy Demolition Ship
Cannon galleon aoe2DE Cannon Galleon · Elite cannon galleon aoe2de Elite Cannon Galleon
AoE2 Dromon Dromon
ReligiousMissionaryIcon-DE Missionary · AoE2 WarriorPriest Warrior Priest
InfantryBerserkIcon-DE Berserk · Aoe2de Chakram Chakram Thrower · CondottieroIcon-DE Condottiero · Aoe2-icon-flemish-militia Flemish Militia · GbetoIcon-DE Gbeto · Aoe2de Ghulam Ghulam · HuskarlIcon-DE Huskarl · JaguarWarriorIcon-DE Jaguar Warrior · KamayukIcon-DE Kamayuk · Karambitwarrioricon-DE Karambit Warrior · AoE2 DE Legionary new icon Legionary · Aoe2-icon--obuch Obuch · SamuraiIcon-DE Samurai · Aoe2-icon-serjeant Serjeant · Shotelwarrioricon-DE Shotel Warrior · TeutonicKnightIcon-DE Teutonic Knight · ThrowingAxemanIcon-DE Throwing Axeman · Aoe2de Urumi Urumi Swordsman · AoE2 WarriorPriest Warrior Priest · WoadRaiderIcon-DE Woad Raider
ArcherArambaiicon-DE Arambai · CamelArcherIcon-DE Camel Archer · ChukoNuIcon-DE Chu Ko Nu · AoE2 CompositeBowman Composite Bowman · ConquistadorIcon-DE Conquistador · GenitourIcon-DE Genitour · GenoeseCrossbowmanIcon-DE Genoese Crossbowman · Imperialskirmishericon-DE Imperial Skirmisher · JanissaryIcon-DE Janissary · Kipchakicon Kipchak · LongbowmanIcon-DE Longbowman · MangudaiIcon-DE Mangudai · PlumedArcherIcon-DE Plumed Archer · Aoe2de ratha ranged Ranged Ratha · Rattanarchericon-DE Rattan Archer · SlingerIcon-DE Slinger · WarWagonIcon-DE War Wagon
CavalryBallistaelephanticon-DE Ballista Elephant · BoyarIcon-DE Boyar · Aoe2de camel scout Camel Scout · CataphractIcon-DE Cataphract · Aoe2de roman unique centurion icon Centurion · Aoe2-icon-coustillier Coustillier · Flaming camel icon Flaming Camel · ImperialCamelRiderIcon-DE Imperial Camel Rider · Keshikicon Keshik · Konnikicon Konnik · Leitisicon Leitis · MagyarHuszarIcon-DE Magyar Huszar · MamelukeIcon-DE Mameluke · AoE2 Monaspa Monaspa · Aoe2de ratha melee Melee Ratha · AoE2 Savar Savar · Aoe2de shrivamsha rider Shrivamsha Rider · TarkanIcon-DE Tarkan · WarElephantIcon-DE War Elephant · Aoe2-icon-winged-hussar Winged Hussar
SiegeAoe2-icon--houfnice Houfnice · Aoe2-icon-hussite-wagon Hussite Wagon · OrganGunIcon-DE Organ Gun
War shipCaravelIcon-DE Caravel · LongboatIcon-DE Longboat · Aoe2de Thirisadai Thirisadai · TurtleShipIcon-DE Turtle Ship