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This article is about the building in Age of Empires II. For the building in Age of Empires IV, see Blacksmith (Age of Empires IV).

Used to research technologies to improve armor and attack of units. Required for Siege Workshop.''
Age of Empires II description

The Blacksmith is a research building in Age of Empires II that becomes available once the Feudal Age is reached. The Blacksmith provides technologies to improve the attack and armor of infantry, cavalry, and archers. Defensive structures and some ships also benefit from the archers' attack upgrades. The ranged attack upgrades increase the attack, range, and Line of Sight of all relevant units and buildings. Town Centers also benefit from this upgrade line, except for the range improvements.

Tactics and placement[]

As a building incapable of attacking or producing units, the placement of a Blacksmith must not be given much thought. All it needs to do is research technologies and optimally stand until it is done doing so. Once all necessary technologies have been researched, the Blacksmith is a completely useless building and can freely be deleted (unless it is walling out an area of importance, in which case it should be replaced). Having a Blacksmith is prerequisite to get access to the Siege Workshop. Losing the Blacksmith does not lose the access to the Siege Workshop. In some rare cases, having two Blacksmiths can be of help if time is of essence. But generally speaking, the Blacksmith researches fast enough to make a second one redundant.

Blacksmith upgrades are of key importance in any stage of the game and should be researched as soon as possible. Generally speaking, it makes more sense to upgrade the armor of melee units before their attack because that improves their fighting capabilities against ranged units as they live longer and can close the gap easier. For ranged units, it is the other way around, they should have the highest possible damage output in order to prevent melee units from reaching them at all.


Clicking on the icon links to the corresponding page.

Dark Age
Feudal Age
Castle Age
Imperial Age

Availability grid[]

The following table shows the availability of the technologies for every civilization. Technologies that are available to all civilizations (Scale Mail Armor, Padded Archer Armor, Forging, Iron Casting, Fletching, Bodkin Arrow) are not shown in the table. An 'X' in the last column indicates that all technologies are available. So 8 of the 39 civilizations have access to all Blacksmith upgrades.

= Available
= Unavailable
= Researched for free or fully covered by a civilization bonus if unavailable
Civilization LeatherArcherArmorDE RingArcherArmorDE BracerDE BlastFurnaceDE ChainMailArmorDE PlateMailArmorDE ScaleBardingArmorDE ChainBardingDE PlateBardingArmorDE All
Armenians AoE2 Armenians
Aztecs AoE2 Aztecs
Bengalis AoE2 Bengalis
Berbers AoE2 Berbers X
Bohemians AoE2 Bohemians
Britons AoE2 Britons X
Bulgarians AoE2 Bulgarians
Burgundians AoE2 Burgundians
Burmese AoE2 Burmese
Byzantines AoE2 Byzantines
Celts AoE2 Celts
Chinese AoE2 Chinese X
Cumans AoE2 Cumans
Dravidians AoE2 Dravidians
Ethiopians AoE2 Ethiopians
Franks AoE2 Franks
Georgians AoE2 Georgians
Goths AoE2 Goths
Gurjaras AoE2 Gurjaras
Hindustanis AoE2 Hindustanis
Huns AoE2 Huns
Incas AoE2 Incas
Italians AoE2 Italians X
Japanese AoE2 Japanese
Khmer AoE2 Khmer
Koreans AoE2 Koreans
Lithuanians AoE2 Lithuanians
Magyars AoE2 Magyars
Malay AoE2 Malay
Malians AoE2 Malians
Mayans AoE2 Mayans
Mongols AoE2 Mongols
Persians AoE2 Persians
Poles AoE2 Poles
Portuguese AoE2 Portuguese X
Romans AoE2 Romans
Saracens AoE2 Saracens X
Sicilians AoE2 Sicilians
Slavs AoE2 Slavs
Spanish AoE2 Spanish X
Tatars AoE2 Tatars
Teutons AoE2 Teutons
Turks AoE2 Turks X
Vietnamese AoE2 Vietnamese
Vikings AoE2 Vikings
Despite the Incas and Mayans not having cavalry armor technologies, they are shown to have full Blacksmith. This is because these civilizations have no use of these technologies.


Hit points Masonry aoe2de Masonry (+10%)
ArchitectureDE Architecture (+10%)
Armor Masonry aoe2de Masonry (+1/+1, +3 building armor)
ArchitectureDE Architecture (+1/+1, +3 building armor)
Line of Sight TownWatchDE Town Watch (+4)
TownPatrolDE Town Patrol (+4)
Conversion defense Devotion icon AoE2DE Devotion (+1 min, +1 max)
FaithDE Faith (+4 min, +4 max)
HeresyDE Heresy (destroyed upon getting converted)
Construction speed TreadmillCraneDE Treadmill Crane (+20%)

Civilization bonuses[]

  • Bohemians AoE2 Bohemians: Blacksmiths cost -100 wood.
  • Burmese AoE2 Burmese: Researching Faith is 50% cheaper.
  • Bulgarians AoE2 Bulgarians: Blacksmith technologies cost -50% food.
  • Byzantines AoE2 Byzantines: Blacksmiths have +20%/+30%/+40% hit points in the Feudal/Castle/Imperial Age. Town Watch and Town Patrol are free.
  • Chinese AoE2 Chinese: Technologies that benefit Blacksmiths are 5%/10%/15% cheaper in the Feudal/Castle/Imperial Age.
  • Italians AoE2 Italians: Researching Masonry, Architecture and Treadmill Crane is 33% cheaper.
  • Georgians AoE2 Georgians: Blacksmiths receive -20% damage (-40% instead of -25%) when fighting from higher elevation.
  • Khmer AoE2 Khmer: Blacksmith is not needed to unlock Siege Workshop.
  • Koreans AoE2 Koreans: Archer armor upgrades are free.
  • Magyars AoE2 Magyars: Forging, Iron Casting, and Blast Furnace are free.
  • Malay AoE2 Malay: Infantry armor upgrades are free.
  • Malians AoE2 Malians: Blacksmiths are 15% cheaper.
  • Persians AoE2 Persians: Researching Town Watch and Town Patrol is 10%/15%/20% faster in the Feudal/Castle/Imperial Age.
  • Romans AoE2 Romans: Blacksmiths are built and repaired 5% faster. Infantry armor upgrades provide double the effect.
  • Spanish AoE2 Spanish: Blacksmiths are built 30% faster. Blacksmith upgrades cost no gold. Researching technologies that benefit Blacksmiths provides 20 gold each.

Team bonuses[]

  • Bulgarians AoE2 Bulgarians: Blacksmiths work 80% faster.
  • Georgians AoE2 Georgians: Repairing Blacksmiths costs 25% fewer resources.
  • Lithuanians AoE2 Lithuanians: Researching Devotion, Faith, and Heresy is 20% faster.
  • Malians AoE2 Malians: Researching Masonry, Architecture, and Treadmill Crane is 80% faster.
  • Portuguese AoE2 Portuguese: Blacksmith technologies and technologies that benefit Blacksmiths are researched 25% faster.


AoE2-DLCicon-0 The Age of Kings[]

  • Blacksmiths always have 2,100 hit points.

AoE2-DLCicon-1 The Conquerors[]

AoE2-DLCicon-2 The Forgotten[]

  • Blacksmith hit points staggered: 1,800/2,100/2,100 in the Feudal/Castle/Imperial Age.
  • Magyars AoE2 Magyars: Forging, Iron Casting, and Blast Furnace are free, but require a Blacksmith.

AoE2-DLCicon-4 Rise of the Rajas[]

  • Magyars AoE2 Magyars: With patch 5.5, free Forging, Iron Casting, and Blast Furnace no longer require a Blacksmith.

AoEIIDE icon Definitive Edition[]

  • With update 42848:
    • Bulgarians AoE2 Bulgarians Originally, the team bonus makes Blacksmiths work 50% faster. With the update, they work 80% faster.
    • Koreans AoE2 Koreans: Archer Armor upgrades are free.
    • Portuguese AoE2 Portuguese: As a civilization bonus, technologies that benefit Blacksmiths are researched 30% faster.

AoE2Icon-DynastiesIndia Dynasties of India[]

AoE2Icon-MountainRoyals The Mountain Royals[]


Iron-working technology had been learned by the barbarian tribes of Europe prior to the fall of Rome and was carried forward into the Dark Ages. Iron working was done at the blacksmith, named partially for the black iron worked there and for the black soot that covered the workers each day. At the blacksmith iron was forged and hammered into tools, weapons shields, and armor. The ability to make superior weapons and armor became a highly prized and well-rewarded skill. Blacksmiths, armorers, and weapon makers moved into the rising middle class.
Age of Empires II manual


Buildings in Age of Empires II
Civilian buildings
EconomicTowncenter aoe2DE Town Center · Dock aoe2de Dock · Fish trap aoe2DE Fish Trap · Mill aoe2de Mill · FarmDE Farm · Market aoe2DE Market · Lumber camp aoe2de Lumber Camp · Mining camp aoe2de Mining Camp · Feitoria aoe2DE Feitoria · Folwark Folwark · Ao2de caravanserai icon Caravanserai · AoE2 MuleCart Mule Cart
ResearchBlacksmith aoe2de Blacksmith · University AoE2 DE University
ReligiousAoE2 FortifiedChurch Fortified Church · MonasteryAoe2DE Monastery
MiscellaneousHouse aoe2DE House · Wonder aoe2DE Wonder
Military buildings
ProductionBarracks aoe2DE Barracks · Archery range aoe2DE Archery Range · Stable aoe2DE Stable · Siege workshop aoe2DE Siege Workshop · Dock aoe2de Dock
Fortified productionCastle aoe2DE Castle · Harbor aoe2de Harbor · Krepost icon updated Krepost · Aoe2-icon-donjon Donjon
TowerTowncenter aoe2DE Town Center · AoE2 FortifiedChurch Fortified Church · Outpost aoe2de Outpost · Watch Tower icon AoE2DE Watch Tower · Guard Tower icon AoE2DE Guard Tower · Keep icon AoE2DE Keep · Bombard tower aoe2DE Bombard Tower
WallPalisade wall aoe2de Palisade Wall · Palisade gate aoe2DE Palisade Gate · Stone wall aoe2de Stone Wall · Gate aoe2de Gate · Fortified wall aoe2de Fortified Wall · Gate aoe2de Fortified Gate
Scenario Editor buildings
AoE2-DLCicon-0 The Age of KingsBridge · MonasteryAoe2DE Cathedral · Wonder aoe2DE Dome of the Rock · Pyramid aoe2DE Great Pyramid · MonasteryAoe2DE Mosque · Pavilion big icon AoE2DE Pavilion · Pyramid aoe2DE Pyramid · Accursed tower aoe2DE The Accursed Tower · Accursed tower aoe2DE The Tower of Flies · Market aoe2DE Trade Workshop · Yurt thatch big aoe2DE Yurt
AoE2-DLCicon-1 The ConquerorsWonder aoe2DE Monument · SeaGateDE Sea Gate · Watch Tower icon AoE2DE Sea Tower · Sea Wall icon AoE2DE Sea Wall
AoE2-DLCicon-2 The ForgottenAmphitheatre aoe2DE Amphitheatre · Aqueduct aoe2DE Aqueduct · Wonder aoe2DE Arch of Constantine · Fortified wall aoe2de City Wall · Amphitheatre aoe2DE Colosseum · Keep icon AoE2DE Fire Tower · Palisade wall aoe2de Fortified Palisade Wall · Castle aoe2DE Fortress · Castle aoe2DE Poenari Castle · Wonder aoe2DE Quimper Cathedral · MonasteryAoe2DE Temple of Heaven · Wooden Bridge
AoE2-DLCicon-3 The African KingdomsBarricade aoe2DE Barricade · Fence aoe2DE Fence · Accursed tower aoe2DE Fortified Tower · 2de granary new icon Granary · Hut small aoe2DE Hut · Wondericon Palace (removed) · Aoe2de storage icon new Storage · Tent small aoe2DE Tent
AoE2-DLCicon-4 Rise of the RajasTent army small aoe2DE Army Tent · Wonder aoe2DE Gol Gumbaz · Wonder aoe2DE Sanchi Stupa
AoE2-DLCicon-5 The Last KhansWonder aoe2DE Aachen Cathedral · Chain aoe2DE Chain · Gate aoe2de City Gate · Wonder aoe2DE Dormition Cathedral · Wonder aoe2DE Rock Church · Wonder aoe2DE Sankore Madrasah · MonasteryAoe2DE Shrine · Wonder aoe2DE Tower of London
Dawn of the Dukes icon Dawn of the DukesAoe2de pagan shrine icon Pagan Shrine
AoE2Icon-DynastiesIndia Dynasties of IndiaWonder aoe2DE Minaret of Jam